Boris Johnson has insisted his four-step plan to ease England’s lockdown is a “one-way road to freedom”.
The prime minister’s “cautious” strategy could see the Covid restrictions fully eased by 21 June – if strict conditions are met.
The PM, who faces criticism from some of his own MPs who believe the pace of change is too slow, said it offers the best chance to avoid another lockdown.
Scotland First Minister Nicola Sturgeon will reveal her own plan later.
She has said Scotland will return to a tiered system when measures are eased, meaning different parts of the country could be under different rules.
Meanwhile, the government is also reviewing the use of “Covid status” certificates, which could be used by people to demonstrate they had received a vaccine or a negative coronavirus test to enter venues.
In the first step of the PM’s roadmap, all pupils in England’s schools are expected to return to class from 8 March, with mass testing and wider use of face masks in secondary schools.
There will be a further easing on 29 March, with groups of up to six people or two households allowed to gather in parks and gardens.
Shops, hairdressers, gyms and outdoor hospitality, as well as self-contained holiday accommodation, could reopen on 12 April. A review of international leisure travel restrictions could also be announced.
From 17 May, two households or a group of six may be able to meet indoors in a pub or other hospitality venue such as restaurants.
Cinemas, museums, hotels, performances and sporting events will also reopen, with up to 30 people able to attend weddings, receptions, funerals and wakes.
The final step from 21 June will potentially see all legal limits on social contact removed, with the final closed sectors of the economy reopened – such as nightclubs.
Progressing along the schedule will depend on four tests: the success of the vaccine rollout, evidence of vaccine efficacy, an assessment of new variants, and keeping infection rates below a level that could put unsustainable pressure on the NHS.
There will be a gap of at least five weeks between each of the plan’s subsequent steps to allow for the impact of changes on infection rates and hospital admissions to be assessed.
Mr Johnson told a Downing Street news conference the coming spring and summer would be “seasons of hope, looking and feeling incomparably better for us all”.
He said he could not guarantee his plan would be irreversible “but the intention is that it should be”.
On the issue of vaccine certificates, Mr Johnson acknowledged there were “clearly some quite complex issues, some ethical issues” as vaccination isn’t compulsory but told a meeting of his own MPs on Monday evening that “a debate had to be had”.
Some Tory MPs unhappy
The prime minister addressed the 1922 backbench committee of Conservative MPs on Monday night.
He faced criticism of what some saw as slow progress in removing restrictions.
One participant suggested he was talking “gibberish” when he compared his routemap to a motorway journey.
Another said the PM had been “rattled”.
What annoyed some MPs was an apparent lack of flexibility in the plan with restrictions not being lifted “before” certain dates.
He was urged to keep open the possibility of bringing these dates forward if data allowed but there was “no backtracking” on the five-week wait between steps.
MPs will vote on the roadmap in late March.
Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer welcomed the plan but said certainty was needed over the future of the government furlough scheme for both businesses and workers.
Conservative MP Steve Baker, the deputy chair of the Covid Recovery Group of Tory lockdown-sceptics, said the “pace of change will be a hammer blow” to industries such as aviation, hospitality and the arts.
However UK chief scientific adviser Sir Patrick Vallance said it was “very important” to leave a gap of five weeks between the changes in the roadmap to avoid “flying blind”.
Sir Patrick also said “baseline” measures – such as face coverings in certain situations, hand washing, and self-isolation – may be necessary next winter.
The devolved nations have the power to set their own restrictions but have largely moved in the same direction, though at different speeds, during the pandemic.
In Wales, First Minister Mark Drakeford has said he hopes the “stay-at-home” requirement could end within three weeks, with some non-essential shops and hairdressers possibly reopening at the same time.
Northern Ireland’s First Minister Arlene Foster wants its executive to discuss the reopening date for schools following Mr Johnson’s announcement in England.
A further 10,641 coronavirus cases were reported on Monday, alongside another 178 deaths within 28 days of a positive test.
More than 17.7 million people across the UK have now received at least one vaccine dose, according to latest government figures.
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Date: 23 February 2021